In the May 3, 1851, issue of Gleason's Pictorial Drawing Room Companion, there appeared the first installment of a serial entitled "The Young Fisherman; or, The Cruiser of the English Channel," with the by-line "F. Clinton Barrington." (The quotation marks appear in the original.) It was reprinted in Bailouts Weekly Novelettes under the title "Red Hand; or, The Cruiser of the English Channel." In a revised and condensed version(1) it was issued by Beadle as "The Loyalist; or, The Channel Scourge," in the Dime Library of Choice Fiction, No. 4, and as "Red Hand; or, The Channel Scourge," in Pocket Novel No. 16; both giving the name of A. G. Piper as author.(2)
No biography of A. †G. Piper has been found, otherwise one might say that that was the true name of "F. Clinton Barrington." However, the latter was said by Haynes(3) and by Cushing(4) to be a pen name of Julius Warren Lewis, although no authorities are cited. But Julius Warren Lewis ("Leon" Lewis) was born in 1833, consequently was only seventeen years of age when Gleason published some of the Barrington stories, and was not quite nineteen when the Barrington picture appeared in Gleason's Pictorial, January 3, 1852.
This portrait, which is reproduced here, is hardly that of a youngster of nineteen. Furthermore, neither the son of Julius Warren Lewis nor his wife recognize this as a portrait of their father. Perhaps Gleason published an imaginary portrait, or Haynes and Cushing were mistaken in saying that "Barrington" was Julius Warren Lewis.(5) Neither did Leon Lewis, Jr. recognize the titles of "Barrington's writings as those of his father, nor do they sound like those written by a boy of nineteen. We must, therefore, come to the conclusion that Haynes and Cushing were mistaken in their assignment of the pen name. It may be that Cushing was simply following Haynes in this coupling of names. †The name Piper was probably thought up in the Beadle office, for apparently it occurs nowhere except as this substitution for the name of Barington. For a recent discovery that Barrington was a name under which some of Joseph Holt Ingraham's novels were published, see under the name Barrington above. It is quite possible that he took this name in the 1850's to conceal his identity, for at that time he was just taking holy orders.†
† Correction made as per Volume 3.
|1||Besides being condensed, the Beadle version changed the names of Guilford Graham, the hero, to Richard Graham, Lady Catharine Vane to Lucy Branden, Rudolph Vane to William Branden, and Ann Graham to Mabel Forester. The plots are identical.|
|2||Four years after Beadle's reprint was published, the story reappeared as by Barrington in Nos. 61 and 62 of Elliott, Thomas and Talbot's Ten Cent Novelettes under the titles, "Red Hand; or, The Cruiser of the English Channel," and "The Young Fisherman; or, The Cruiser of the English Channel," both issued in 1868.|
|3||John E. Haynes, Pseudonyms of Authors, New York, 1882.|
|4||William Cushing, Initials and Pseudonyms, New York, 1886, 30.|
|5||Possibly the mistake occurred because Mrs. Leon Lewis wrote under the name "Mrs. Grace D. Harrington."|