Edward Robert Bulwer, First Earl of Lytton, and son of Edward Bulwer-Lytton, the novelist, was born in London, November 18, 1831. He was educated at Twickenham, Brighton, Harrow, and Bonn (private tutor). In 1850 he went to the United States as an attache to his uncle, the British minister, and accompanied him to Florence in 1852. His first volume of poems appeared in 1855 under his nom de plume "Owen Meredith." In 1856 he was attache in Paris and the next year at The Hague. "Lucile" came out in 1860, and girl babies for the next twenty years received that name. Subsequently he was on diplomatic service in Belgrade, Vienna, Copenhagen, Lisbon, Madrid, and Paris. In 1876 he went to India as Viceroy, and returned to England in 1880. He continued to write various volumes of poetry, and in 1887 accepted the post of British Ambassador to Paris. He died there November 24, 1891.
REFERENCES: Kunitz and Haycraft, British Authors, New York, 1936, 395-96, with portrait; also biographies in all encyclopedias.
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