Frank Starr's Fifteen Cent Illustrated Novels were begun November 19, 1869, and were issued every fourth week by Frank Starr & Co., 41 Platt Street, New York. These booklets are large square duo-decimos, approximately 8 3/8 by 5 3/8 inches in size, and contain about 100 double-column pages. They have dark tan or buff wrappers pasted over the threads of the stabbed binding. The front covers (Fig. 50) have black woodcuts, with the title of the series above and the title of the novel below, both type-set, and the whole surrounded by a border formed by a double rule with a star in a circle at each corner. Inside the front covers the succeeding novel is announced, while both sides of the back wrapper contain advertisements of other Starr (Beadle) publications. There are from one to five good, full-page, woodcut illustrations, including the frontispiece, which is a repetition of the cover cut. Only twenty-two numbers were issued, the series ending July 7, 1871..